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The organisation of Medicine in Islamic States

Organisation of medicine

The Islamic Authorities placed a lot of value in medicine. Baghdad had a hospital by AD 850 and doctors had to pass medical examinations by AD 931 in order to practice. Hospitals were later developed throughout the Islamic world, with the most famous being those in Damascus and Cairo.

Developments of Galen and Hippocrates theories

Rhazes said that it was vitally important to observe patients and make notes of all minor details. He was the first man to observe and record the differences between smallpox and measles.

Avicenna wrote the Canon of medicine (still used as a reference book today). This developed some of Galen’s ideas and was used with aspiring doctors in both Arabia and later in the West.


Arabian doctors and chemists invented distillation and sublimation. They also developed the use of drugs such as senna, musk and camphor.

Oriental and Islamic medicine - other pages in this section:

Oriental medicine: background, Disease, anatomy and surgery, Islamic medicine, Chinese medicine, Source based activities



Amazon Buyer Review:

This book is based on Greek medicine as understood and some what improved by Avicenna. Gain insight in to the holsitic energetics of health and disease by reading this book. Understand the role within the body of the Four Elements Earth, Water Air and Fire and the Four Humours Blood, Phlegm, Yellow Bile and Black Bile.

Review by Abdul Kareem

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